Composer:Witold Lutosławski; Original title: Sacher Variation na wiolonczelę solo ; year of completion: ; instrumentation: cello solo; commission: Mścisław. Written as a 70th birthday tribute to Paul Sacher and based on the letters of his name. The work was requested by Mstislav Rostropovich, who gave the first. Witold Lutoslawski: Sacher Variation For Solo Cello Music Sales America Series Written as a 70th birthday tribute to Paul Sacher and based on the letters of his.

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Another remarkable characteristic of Thread II is that all the phrases except the last one end with the notes B flat and D flat, which may or may not be respectively. variatins

The pitches of the Thread II divided into phrases. It would not be surprising that a composer like Lutoslawski, who has often worked with cluster chords and determined chromatic fields, shows such an approach. Witold Lutslawski, Maciej Mlodawski. In this article, it has been assumed that the composer has a total freedom to swcher his work regarding to the endless possibilities that music offers, that the technics and principles he uses are not obligations, but only means bringing results, and that the composer makes the decision where and in what extent he gives place to these technics and principles, or if he prefer a compositional variatikns which is completely independent of them.

Witold Lutoslawski: Sacher Variation For Solo Cello, Music Sales America – Hal Leonard Online

In Lutoslawskk 6, the pitches that the phrases 11 “The piece ends in a rather amusing way. A, C, H the Sacner name of the pitch class Band E; and there are two letters that do not indicate any specific pitch classes by themselves: There is one more phrase of Thread I to be found in the last staff of the score, which includes three complete presentation of the Sacher hexachord.

In contrast to the rest of Outoslawski I, here the sahcer levels sxcher, p, and pp are present, and the notes of the hexachord are used simultaneously for the first time. Besides that, each musical thread processes its material on its very own way.

The formal elements that are organized according to the particular principles and those that show a lack of an organization principle in this sense reflect a well-balanced whole, thus the looseness is also used as a formal element beside the organization. In reply to the systematic progression of the pitches of the Sacher hex- achord from the lowest to the highest register of the violoncello in Thread I, Thread II progresses from a higher register to the lowest. The Cambridge Companion to the Cello.


This progress continues in the same way until the ninth phrase. Since these pitches are used for the colouring and embellishment, they are not included in the dacher. Unlike Lutoslawski, Holliger does not show any systematic approach to changing the octave registers of the pitches see Usman a: Serial Composition and Atonality 6th edition.

The increase in the numerical quantity of the notes in the phrases is based on the simple principle shown in Table 1. References Beck, Conrad et al.

Towarzystwo im. Witolda Lutosławskiego

The Sacher hexachord Forte number: Beginning with 1 as the numerical quantity of the first phrase, the number of the notes in each one of the following phrases is determined by the sum of the rotation number and the numerical quantity of the former phrase. Help Center Find new research papers in: The piece is shaped by two contrasting strands. Example 3 below shows the first four lines of the score. Update Required To play the media you will need to either update your browser to a recent version or update your Flash plugin.

A possible reason for this is that the composer regarded the pitch A two octave above the first open lutoslawsk as the highest limit because it was undesirable for the composer to enter into a register where the characteristic timbre of the lutospawski would not be present any more.

The percep- tion of the opposite directions of the threads, the changes in the number of the notes each phrase contains, and the individuality of the threads becomes possible only through the restriction of the pitch material development. The phrases, which consist only of the note values of quaver and semi- quaver, are rhythmically in order, as well.

The octave registers of the pitches has not taken into consideration in this stage. Continue using the site as normal or read our Privacy Policy. The excerpt given in Example 3 contains the major structural character- istics of the work within itself.


While the first phrase of the Thread I, which is located at the very beginning of the score, contains only one note E flatthere are two notes in the second A and Cand four notes in the third phrase B, E, D, and E flat. In other words, the development is provided by the global technics that can be applied to any pitch material, and not by sacner Sacher hexachord itself.

After this transposition, the note D becomes the lowest sounding pitch of the second presentation. These processes do not cause any transformation of the hexachord except the change of the octave register, and nor the acquired llutoslawski is determined by the hexachord.

Ninateka – Three composers – Sacher Variation for cello solo

However, while the rhythmic patterns in Messagesquisse are formed by the letters S-A-C-H-E-R to be realized through rhythmic values according to the long and short signals in the Morse code see Bonnet In this way, the melody and accompaniment functions, which are highlighted through the use of the instruments that aurally differ from each other, are also supported in regard to the pitches see Vogt The two developmental processes related to the hexachord, namely the gradual extension of the phrases of Thread I and the progression of the hexachord from the lowest to the highest register of the violoncello throughout the work, should not be considered as technics applied particularly to the hexachord.

Mstislav Rostropovich approached several distinguished composers, asking them to write miniatures that he would perform during a birthday concert.

While Thread I uses a strictly working mechanism to organize pitches, the pitch material of Thread II is used freely, without being organized systematically. The systematic progression of the pitches of the Sacher hexachord from the lowest to the highest register of the violoncello. Among the many tributes paid to Paul Sacher, the founder and conductor of the Basle Chamber Orchestra and Choir, on his 70th birthday in was a short work for unaccompanied cello, sqcher the previous year by Witold Lutoslawski.